Groove Development: 12-03-2019 (One Bar 4/4 Switching Between Common And Double Time)

A one bar groove in 4/4 that switches between common and double time midway through the bar.

In this lesson you will be learning a one bar 4/4 groove through a series of steps. This groove will switch between two different timings and the earlier steps will help you get familiar with the feel of this. The modifications after that will involve embellishing this base rhythmic pattern. It is worth noting that each example creates a decent sounding groove. In each step, a link to the original lesson on the concept applied is provided where appropriate, it would be worth sidetracking and working through these lessons if you get stuck or don't understand a particular step.

It is very important that you can play the step you are on comfortably before moving on as any parts you get stuck on are going to appear in all subsequent steps. This is particularly true of the first step as all parts are very demanding on your hand to foot co-ordination. At the end of the pack you will find a list of helpful links, suggestions for other concepts that could be applied and a set of suggested target tempos.

As an additional exercise, when you have learned the steps as shown below try taking the concepts given and applying them in a different way. For example in step 2 you add sixteenth note kicks and snares to the common time half, so try shuffling these around a little. Continue through all steps with any changes you make and write down any ideas you particularly like the sound of.

You can download a version of this lesson in PDF format. In this pack you also get a short example piece using the final groove as a basis along with audio files in MP3 format of all drum parts. This also includes a drumless version of the backing track for you to play a long to. On top of all of that all exercises have counting included, two extra modifications are made to the groove and all new changes to the groove are highlighted in red. You can purchase this for just $2 by clicking the button below.

NOTE that the file size of this pack is 13.4MB.


Step 1

The start groove is based around an eighth note right hand part played on the ride cymbal. Under the first two beats a standard 'Common Time' feel is created by placing a snare of the '2' count. Under the second two beats a 'Double Time' feel is created by placing the snares on the '+' counts. Around this, Simple Eighth Note Kicks are placed.

Developing a one bar groove switching between different rhythmic feels


Step 2

The common time section of the bar is padded out with a sixteenth note kick On The 'e' after count 1 and a Ghosted Snare On The 'a' after count 2. These are fairly common groove components but make sure the dynamic level of the ghost note is appropriate and that the run of quick sixteenth kicks are played evenly.

Developing a one bar groove switching between different rhythmic feels


Step 3

The double time section is embellished with Sixteenth Note Kicks. Again, these are fairly common movements so spend time working on your technique and the accuracy of your Kick Placement.

Developing a one bar groove switching between different rhythmic feels


Step 4

Add a ghosted snare on the very last 'e' count. This creates a Double Stroke movement where the first is played as a standard stroke and the second is ghosted. Focus here that high to low movement on the left hand at the end of the bar.

Developing a one bar groove switching between different rhythmic feels


Step 5

The right hand on counts 2 and 4 have Extra Sixteenth Notes added, creating a '1e+' style movement. This will all be played on the right hand so focus here on building up stamina.

Developing a one bar groove switching between different rhythmic feels


Step 6

Add a second ghost note to the common time section, on the '+' after count 2. This is an odd movement as it creates a double stroke where the first is played in line with a ride cymbal but the second isn't. The purpose of this is to pad out the part and make it sound that bit busier.

Developing a one bar groove switching between different rhythmic feels